Land Forces

Poland Inks Procurement of Unmanned Turrets for the Rosomak APCs

Photo. Polish MoD via Twitter

Head of the Polish MoD, Mariusz Błaszczak has signed a performance agreement on delivery of the ZSSW-30 unmanned turrets for the Rosomak wheeled APCs. has been the first outlet to announce the planned conclusion of this agreement.


This is the first performance contract associated with a framework agreement that covers the delivery of 341 turrets in total, including 70 turrets to be integrated on the Rosomak APCs between 2023 and 2027. Consortium formed by HSW S.A. and WB Electronics would be tasked with the delivery. The turrets would be integrated on the Rosomak vehicles that are already in service. The performance contract has a value of almost USD 1.7 bn.


The ZSSW-30 remote-control turret system has been developed based on a development project which resulted in the development of a prototype, and technical documentation. The development project has been launched in 2013, the first Spike-LR ATGM launches took place in 2016, while the qualification tests programme came to an end in 2021. Assumptions for the development were changed during the project. Ultimately, the turret has been fitted with Polish optoelectronics, even though the original plan was to acquire those elements from a foreign partner.

The ZSSW turret integrated with the APC has been designed to neutralize light and heavy armor, and other enemy assets, including the infrastructure. It also serves as a support measure, in combat. The optoelectronic sensors used would make it possible to engage the targets at any time, also in adverse weather conditions. Bushmaster Mk 44S is the primary armament of the ZSSW-30 turret. It offers automatic, and semi-automatic operation modes, and can fire five different types of ammunition, including ABM/programmable projectiles.


Modified 7.62 mm UKM-2000C machine gun coupled with the gun acts as the auxiliary weapon. Additionally, the turret has also been coupled with a dual Spike-LR ATGM launcher. The armament can be loaded from the exterior side, as well as from the interior of the vehicle. The fire control system provides high levels of ergonomics and accuracy. A single panel can be used to control all of the weapons. Hunter-killer/killer-killer capacity has also been made available, thanks to the independent commander's observation system.

The ZSSW-30 turret is also expected to become a part of the Borsuk IFV (a slightly modified variant would be used here). It could also, potentially, go onto the Redback IFV - considered as a complementary procurement, along with the Borsuk vehicles, to accelerate the process in which the Polish Army would gain relevant capabilities in the IFV department. The ZSSW-30 also offers some export potential. Before the decision on forming another two new divisions in the Polish Army was announced, it had been estimated that more than 1,000 turrets would be procured.